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  • A tautology, which can be either a rhetorical figure of speech (as you have pointed out) or simply verbiage. More here:
  • post- used as a prefix means before estimation means the process of estimating or assessing without great accuracy postestimation would therefore mean estimating after some (usually known) event occurred.
  • a project, where -> a project in which I build my material -> I built my material [built being the past tense of build]
  • Perfectly good, if slightly archaic, use of the English subjunctive mood. Other examples: * Thy kingdom come, thy will be done... * God save the Queen! * God bless you! * Heaven help us! * Heaven forbid that ... * Suffice it to say ... The meanings of these phrases are not changed if you put May or May it or May there (as…
  • Yes, as long as your readers would know what competency-based innovations means in this context.
  • Lay is an old word for song, much used in mediaeval times. I'm disappointed that a definition of this usage isn't included in the online OED, but my 1979 OCD defines it thus: Short lyric or narrative poem meant to be sung; narrative poem; song; (poet[ic]) song of birds.