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Is there a word or term denoting a word that has different spellings but means the same thing?

For instance, ax and axe are words that mean the same thing but are spelled differently. A most obvious answer would be a "variant," but that describes the actual spelling difference rather than the word itself. I'm looking for a word much like "homophone," which denotes a word with the same pronunciation as another word but with a different meaning, origin, or spelling, like "new" and "knew."


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