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Using the word “courted” to mean “raped” is not appropriate in 2019

Zeus had nonconsensual sex with Europa. He did not court her. Please change this language to more accurately depict reality. What you have currently exhibits bias.


  • There is no evidence that Zeus forced himself on Europa.

    The ancient Greeks did not live in 2019.
    In their world view, gods were irresistible, so of course Europa would have succumbed to Zeus's courtship.

    The linguistic point behind the naming was that the four known moons in the orbit of Jupiter (=Zeus) could be likened to four mortals (the others being Io, Callisto and Ganymede) who had fallen to Zeus's (Jupiter's) irresistible attraction.

    The question is not
    Did that courtship end in consummation?
    still less
    Was there any violence or lack of consent?
    The question is
    How did these particular four mortals come to be embraced by this particular god?

    The embrace is what matters, and the embrace preceded sexual act.

  • I said

    In their world view, gods were irresistible

    This is not entirely true. The Greeks did admit the concept of rape by a god. Persephone was taken against her will by Hades. And Daphne would have been raped by Apollo if she had not been transformed into a tree.

    What happened (or nearly happened) to Persephone and Daphne is not what happened to Europa.

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